That’s the best way to describe health insurance execs’ views on their business these days. The massively-screwed-up-but-steadily-improving rollout of the federal exchange is the biggest reason for that uncertainty, but there’d be huge uncertainty even if things had gone flawlessly.
Health care providers are consolidating rapidly, increasing their negotiating leverage. More and more physicians are working for health systems. Some employers are dropping coverage, while others are moving to narrow-network based plans. All this against a backdrop of an aging population, increasing income inequality, major growth in Medicaid enrollment, reduced Medicare reimbursement for facilities and a possible “fix” to the fatally-flawed physician reimbursement system/mechanism.
And, the metrics they use to measure performance are in flux as well; the old measurements were fine when insurers could underwrite, adjust benefit designs, change deductibles and copays, and negotiate with providers from a position of strength.
Add to that the uncertainty over who is going to enroll via the exchanges – will there be enough “young immortals” to balance the older, sicker folks who sign up? More importantly, how will that play out for individual health plans; Plan A isn’t concerned about the overall picture, but is very, very concerned about the demographics of their member group.
It’s no wonder senior management – and other stakeholders – are “uncertain” about the short-term, much less the longer-term.
Amongst all this confusion, there’s one thing that is clear – there isn’t going to be an “Obamacare death spiral”, at least not for three years. The scaremongering about death spirals and adverse selection that might result from too many old folks and not enough young folks signing up is mis-informed.
There is a financial back-stop in the form of reinsurance that protects insurers from high cost claims for the next three years. Bob Laszewski has an excellent description of the program and implications thereof here. Funded by a tax on each insured, the program provides coverage for insurers “selling coverage on the state and federal health insurance exchanges as well as in the small group (less than 50 workers) market…”
By then, things will have settled down, insurers will have figured out what works, what doesn’t, and what they need to do to operate profitably. Some will drop out of the exchange(s), while others will expand their service offerings and coverage areas.
What does this mean for you?
Lots of uncertainty means lots of opportunity for those aware, nimble, and stalwart enough to take advantage. Not that there are many in this business that fit that description!